The Openness Index
NOTE: Original content developed through the JASIG 2-3-98 Project's Openness Index (Apereo Foundation).
The term Open Source -- or as frequently shortened, Open -- has become popularly used to describe a variety of activities, communities and objects: open source software, open source textbooks, open source hardware , open source culture, to name a few. As interest in open sourcing projects increases, ambiguity and possibly authenticity in the tenets -- and thus potentially value -- has grown. For example open education may refer to, 1. learners within a cohort that participate in readily available teaching and learning activities without admission requirements and only a registration fee, or 2. educational content that available to anyone without a cost (1).
In addition to the ambiguity and confusion around open source or open, there is also ambiguity around how communities of practice might organize and operate to inculturate The Open Source Way and realize the value of open sourcing their development.
The Openness Index attempts to define attributes that enable and authenticate the practices offered in The Open Source Way. The Openness Index serves a means to assess the maturity of open source practices (i.e. governance, policies, behavior, etc.) within the community of practice responsible for the design, development, and distribution of the open artifact. This will be a useful tool for both the open organizations themselves, to reflect on and develop best practices, as well as external communities, who wish to assess an organization as part of their own due-diligence before joining or contributing to an open community of practice.
Importantly, the Openness Index is not designed to assess the "openness" of an artifact itself (software, a learning object, some piece of hardware, etc.)–there are plenty of licenses (OSI Approved Licenses, Creative Commons Licenses, etc.) which can be used to assess the openness of an object. Rather, the model assess the openness of the organization/community that creates and manages such artifacts.